Katalin Novák
Patron of the event
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Welcome

Event concept

After 2015 and 2017, the Budapest Demographic Summit (5th and 6th September, Budapest) will beheld for the third time as a prestigious international forum that gives an opportunity for political actors, decision-makers, church and civilian leaders and representatives of the scientific community to share their ideas and experiences with each other.

Demographic processes fundamentally determine our future. Overpopulation and the threat of the disappearance of shrinking and aging nations create challenges for our communities; therefore demographic issues need to be discussed openly.

At the turn of the 20th and 21th centuries we face an unprecedented phenomenon: certain nations seem to have renounced their future. Not enough children are born, cradles are empty. In other parts of the world demographic growth takes place: several nations double or even multiply their population in just a few decades. There are those, who see an opportunity in these parallel processes and would channel the demographic surplus of the thriving nations to countries with shrinking population. However, there are those – among them Hungary – who say that they are capable of changing these trends and bringing an end to population decline relying on their own resources. This is a difficult challenge that requires strong families and an effective family policy.

We announced a family friendly turn in Hungary in 2010 and nowadays more and more countries think alike. However, similar values and family-focused attitudes do not mean uniformity: different countries have developed diverse solutions and good practices. A high-level conference such as the Budapest Demographic Summit provides an excellent opportunity for the stakeholders involved to think together and learn from each other.

The unique “Hungarian model” means a value driven and family-centred policy. Among others, we have included the protection of family, marriage and childbearing in the Constitution of Hungary, we have doubled the state budget for families in ten years and we have established an objective to stop the population decline not by mass immigration but by strengthening the Hungarian families.

Thanks to its success, our model has attracted more and more attention from our foreign partners and we are eager to share our experiences and to learn from others as well.

In the Budapest Demographic Summit, along with the Prime Minister of Hungary, several heads of state, church leaders, decision-makers, experts, economic actors, representatives of the media and non-governmental organizations give lectures, share their thoughts about the role of family in managing demographic processes, the impact of family and population policies on competitiveness, sustainability and developing future strategies.

We live in a changing and altering time, when decisions need to be made on how we imagine the new way of coexistence that determines our future. Families, the cornerstones of society are strengthened and thus the current unfavourable demographic processes become manageable or individual interests overcome community aspects endangering the future of nations, peoples and families. The stakes are high, common thinking and cooperation is the way forward for which the Budapest Demographic Summit provides an outstanding space.

Mandatory kindergarten from the age of 3

From September 2015 the age of starting compulsory kindergarten attendance was shifted from the age of 5 to the age of 3. This is important because the system of public education can eliminate the severe underdevelopment of underprivileged children. As a result, children from underprivileged socio-cultural backgrounds can start school with equal opportunities. It is important to emphasize that one of the prerequisites for getting family allowance is kindergarten attendance. As a result, the number of children attending kindergarten has increased.

Financial subsidy for housing

On 1 July, 2015 the Family Housing Allowance (CSOK) replaced the former “social housing subsidy”. As a novelty CSOK can be claimed by one-child families, also for buying a used flat or for expanding existing flats. The claimable amounts have been increased since 2016. In addition, the eligibility conditions have also been simplified. From 2018 the application process has been further simplified. InJuly 2019 the Village CSOK was introduced as part of the Family Protection Action Plan.

Tax reduction for employers, employing mothers with children

The Job Protection Action Plan, which took effect on January 1, 2013, reduces employers' wage costs in case of employing the most vulnerable workers. It makes employers interested in hiring or retaining parents with young children returning to work from home childcare. From 2014 we extended the original three-year discounts for another two years for large families. The employer, if requested by the employee with young children, is obliged to provide part-time work until the child reaches the age of 3. The Labour Code provides several alternatives for employment, which includes fixed or flexible work pattern, or – where appropriate –individual work schedule.

2018 Year of the Family

Following the numerouspositive initiatives and undeniable results of the family-friendly turnaround since 2010, the 2018 Year of Families meant even more support, new family-friendly initiatives (family-friendly brand system, family-friendly maternities, family-friendly higher education), quality family programs, effective communication and the strengthening of a family-friendly attitude.

Measures supporting work-life balance

The reconciliation of the two most important areas of everyday life such as family andwork is a fundamental objective in Hungary to implement social equality between women and men and also for other social and economic reasons. The harmonisation and interdependence of the two areas have a major impact on demographic indicators and the level of employment. A number of government measures have been taken to reconcile work and family life, which means that women no longer have to choose between establishing a family and building a career (for example GYED Extra Measures, Job Protection Actions, Improvement of Nursing Care, Part-Time Employment). In recent years, the Government has also taken several measures aimed at increasing the involvement of fathers in the upbringing of children. These measures respect and help families to endorse their freedom to choose according to their subjective life situation.

Free institutional child catering

Child catering is a type of benefits in kind which is available free if certain conditions are met.
Since the introduction of free institutional child catering children from families with 3 or more children and children from families in need can have free meals in the nursery or kindergarten. For the catering of children living in large families and attending primary and secondary schools, parents have to pay only 50% of the catering fee. Currently, the parents of children in large families and those who are severely ill or disabled are entitled for free catering in addition to the parents of children in need of regular child protection benefits and those with families that have a net income per capita of less than 130 per cent of the minimum wage.

Diminution of student loan the the arrivel of children

Based on the provision introduced as of 01 January, 2018, the suspension/diminution/removal of student loan is available in case of having children. For female students, the repayment of the student loan is suspended when becoming pregnant with the first child, from the third month of the pregnancy 3 year long. After the birth of the second child, 50% of the remaining debt is cancelled. After the birth of the third child, the total remaining debt can be written off.

Family values represented in public education

Representing family values in public education is inseparable from general education because it affects the whole person. It should not be taught primarily as a school subject but our goal is that young people should become mature and capable of making decisions in all respects.
Besides the protection of physical health, mental health needs to be emphasized, and even more so in some respects, because the spiritual aspects of family life should be discussed more often at a level accessible for everyone.

Network of free nurseries

Nursery care is prospering in Hungary. In 2018 17.5% of the 0-2 year-olds were provided with nursery care, which was the highest rate ever in the Hungarian nursery history. This number will further increase in the next period. As part of the Family Protection Action Plan 21,000 new nursery places will be provided until 2022; therefore all parents of young children can place their children in nurseries if they wish .

Tax allowence for newly-wed couples

In 2015 the First Marriage Benefit was introduced as a tax base reducing measure. With the help of this benefit a couple can validate HUF 5,000 tax reduction per month. In 2017 we further refined the action. As a result, every newly-wed couple can benefit from the allowance for two years, even couples who have children in the meantime.

Family friendly tax systam

The family tax and contribution benefit are available anytime reducing the taxpayer’s consolidated tax and contribution base. This type of benefit is available for parents expecting their first child or for those who are eligible for family allowance after their born child . We doubled the family allowance introduced in 2011 in case of 1 or 2 children. It remained unchanged in case of 3 or more children. From 2014 the family tax benefit can also be deducted from the pension and health care contributions besides personal income tax.

State financed summer holiday for children

The Elizabeth Program is the largest summer holiday program for children. Since 2012 a total of about 600,000 children participated in camps organized by the Elizabeth Program with more than 126,000 camper children in 2018 including students from over the border, too. .

Supporting single parents

From 2010 we also place a great emphasis on supporting single-parent families. This is the direction we want to continue in the future. Due to their situation , they are entitled to extra support to help them manage their daily lives more easily. Single-parent families also have the option to apply for CSOK. In addition, several elements of the Family Protection Action Plan are available for them.

Free supplye texbooks for every schoolchild

Currently, up to first grade of high school (first nine years of public school) textbooks are free for all students. From next September every student will receive free textbooks (grades 1-12) in public education. For large families, however, textbooks are available free of charge in all grades of public education. The state grants aid to the educational institutions.

State supported savings for new born babies

When someone opens so called Start securities account Young Life Startup Support goes directly to that. It is granted automatically to all newborns of Hungarian nationality residing in Hungary. Further inpayments onto the account are subject to state subsidy. The securities account is maintained from birth to adulthood. The account can be opened any time up to the child’s age of 18.

Family Friendly Hungary Brand promotin family values

According to Article XV of the Constitution, Hungary protects families, children, women, the elderly and the disabled people with special measures. Hungarian women's policy focuses on reconciling family life and work-life in order to eliminate obstacles to childbirth and ensure the birth of the desired, planned children. The reconciliation of the two most important areas of daily life, the family and the profession, is a fundamental objective which is not only fundamental for the achievement of social equality between women and men but also for other social and economic aspects in Hungary.

Seven Point Family Protection Action Plan

As a result of the recent national consultation, the government has been authorized to take further measures to protect families. Therefore, from 2019-2020 we provide support for young people having children and help in their housing plans within the framework of the Action Plan. Due to the expansion of CSOK more people can obtain used flats. We expand the scope of support provided for mortgages, in addition, mothers with 4 or more children get life-long personal income tax exemption. Large families can get support to buy new cars, the development of nurseries continues, while from 2020, grandparents will be entitled to GYED.

Early retirement option for grandmothers

From 2011 the total amount of old-age pension for women having a 40-year entitlement period was introduced without age restriction. Women entering the program worked hard for decades. The majority of them brought up one or more children and as a sign of recognition by the society and the government they are entitled to the total amount of the old-age pension. The "Women 40" program is for those women who wish to retire before the official retirement age and are entitled to retirement after 40 years of eligibility to spend more time with their families.

Three- year maternity leave

Since 2010 instead of 2 years families are entitled to childcare benefit (GYES) until the child’s age of 3. In the case of twin children this benefit is provided until the end of the year of compulsory schooling, and in the case of a permanently ill or severely disabled child until the child is 10 years old. After the child turns year one, grandparents can also claim the benefits with the consent of the parents.

  • Financial support
  • Support through services
  • Family friendly approach

Family policy measures

2010

2019 Doubled budgetary resources for family support - 4.8% of the GDP

2018 Total fertility rate +22%, increased from 1.23 to 1.49

2018 Women employment rate increased by 24%, from 50.2% to 62.3%

2017 Number of the marriages increased by 42.4%

2018 Number of abortions decreased by 33.5%

  1. 32.000 EUR subsidy for young married couples
  2. State supported loan for housing
  3. Decrease of mortage loan at the arrival of children
  4. Personal income tax exeption for mothers with 4 or more children
  5. Car purchase support for large families
  6. Nursery developement program
  7. Grandparents become eligible for subsidized parental leave

Videos of family protection

Venue


Timeline

Ferenc Cakó
applied graphic artist and animation film director, Hungary
5th September
9:30-9:38

Sand animation
LIVE VIDEO
Katalin Novák
Minister of State for Family and Youth Affairs, Ministry of Human Capacities, Hungary
5th September
9:39-9:40

Inaugural
LIVE VIDEO
Blessings
5th September
9:40-9:50

Dr. Péter Erdő
József Steinbach
Dr. Tamás Fabiny
Slomó Köves
LIVE VIDEO
Katalin Novák
Minister of State for Family and Youth Affairs, Ministry of Human Capacities, Hungary
5th September
9:50-9:58

Topic review
LIVE VIDEO
Dr. Péter Erdő
Cardinal, Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest, Roman Catholic Church, Hungary
5th September
9:58-10:13

Demographic Challenges – The Role of the Family
LIVE VIDEO
Aleksandar Vučić
President, Republic of Serbia
5th September
10:16-10:31

Demographic Challenges – The Role of the Family
LIVE VIDEO
Andrej Babiš
Prime Minister, Czech Republic
5th September
10:34-10:49

Demographic Challenges – The Role of the Family
LIVE VIDEO
Tony Abbott
Former Prime Minister, Commonwealth of Australia
5th September
10:52-11:07

Demographic Challenges – The Role of the Family
LIVE VIDEO
Viktor Orbán
Prime Minister, Hungary
5th September
11:10-11:25

Demographic Challenges – The Role of the Family
LIVE VIDEO
Jaime Mayor Oreja
Former Minister of the Interior and Former Member of the European Parliament, President of One of Us Federation, Kingdom of Spain
5th September
12:58-13:08

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Mariyana Nikolava
Deputy Prime Minister, Republic of Bulgaria
5th September
13:09-13:19

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Damares Regina Alves
Minister, Ministry of Women, Family and Human Rights, Federative Republic of Brazil
5th September
13:21-13:31

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Bożena Borys-Szopa
Minister, Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy, Republic of Poland
5th September
13:32-13:42

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Zahid Maleque
Hon’ble Minister, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
5th September
13:44-13:54

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Maritza Rosabal
Minister, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Family and Social Inclusion, Republic of Cabo Verde
5th September
13:55-14:05

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Ramona Petraviča
Minister, Ministry for Welfare, Republic of Latvia
5th September
14:07-14:17

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
Prof. Dr. Miklós Kásler
Minister, Ministry of Human Capacities, Hungary
5th September
14:18-14:28

Best Practices in the Fields of Demography and Family Policy
LIVE VIDEO
László Kövér
Speaker, National Assembly, Hungary
5th September
14:31-14:41

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Johannes Singhammer
former Vice-President of the Bundestag
5th September
14:42-14:52

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Andy Harris
Congressman, United States of America
5th September
14:53-15:03

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Kevin Andrews
Member of the House of Representatives, Former Minister, Commonwealth of Australia
5th September
15:05-15:15

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Urszula Rusecka
Member of the Sejm, President of the Social and Family Policy Committee of Sejm, Republic of Poland
5th September
15:16-15:26

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Dr. Leticia Adelaide Appiah
Executive director, National Population Council, Republic of Ghana
5th September
15:27-15:37

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Kinga Gál
Member of the European Parliament, Hungary
5th September
15:39-15:49

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Valerie Huber
Senior Advisor, Department for Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America
5th September
15:50-16:00

Demography and Politics, Private and Public Affairs, Values
LIVE VIDEO
Mihály Varga
Minister, Ministry of Finance, Hungary
5th September
16:33-16:43

Childbearing: Is it a Financial Matter?
LIVE VIDEO
Phillip Blond
Political philosopher, Anglican theologian, director of ResPublica, United Kingdom
5th September
16:44-16:54

Childbearing: Is it a Financial Matter?
LIVE VIDEO
Obianuju Ekeocha
Expert, writer, the author of Target Africa, Nigeria
5th September
16:56-17:06

Childbearing: Is it a Financial Matter?
LIVE VIDEO
Frank Füredi
Professor Emeritus of Sociology, School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent, Senior Research Fellow, XXI Century Institute, Budapest
5th September
17:07-17:17

Childbearing: Is it a Financial Matter?
LIVE VIDEO
Zsolt Spéder
Demographer, Director, Hungarian Demographic Research Institute, Professor, University of Pécs, Hungary
5th September
17:19-17:29

Childbearing: Is it a Financial Matter?
LIVE VIDEO
László Palkovics
Minister, Ministry for Innovation and Technology, Hungary
5th September
17:32-17:42

Sustainable Community, Sustainable Economy
LIVE VIDEO
Panel discussion
5th September
17:44-18:54

Balázs Orbán (mod.)
Imants Parādnieks
Dr. Maria Rita Testa
Dr. George Blair-West
Dr. Gabriella Vukovich
LIVE VIDEO
Katalin Novák
Minister of State for Family and Youth Affairs, Ministry of Human Capacities, Hungary
5th September
18:55-19:00

Closing of the day
LIVE VIDEO
Katalin Novák
Minister of State for Family and Youth Affairs, Ministry of Human Capacities, Hungary
6th September
9:11-9:18

Greetings and topic review
LIVE VIDEO
Csaba Dömötör
Deputy Minister, Cabinet Office of the Prime Minister, Hungary
6th September
9:18-9:28

Family, Media, Communication
LIVE VIDEO
Dr. Eduard Habsburg-Lothringen
Hungary’s Ambassador to the Holy See and the Sovereign Order of Malta
6th September
9:29-9:39

Family, Media, Communication
LIVE VIDEO
Erzsébet Schäffer
Pulitzer Prize winner journalist, Hungary
6th September
9:41-9:51

Family, Media, Communication
LIVE VIDEO
Miklós Szánthó
Chairman of the board, Central European Press and Media Foundation, Hungary
6th September
9:52-10:02

Family, Media, Communication
LIVE VIDEO
Dwight Stitt
Founder of the Nonprofit Organization ’Fathers fighting for Their Children’s hearts’, United States of America
6th September
10:04-10:14

Family, Media, Communication
LIVE VIDEO
Csaba Azurák
communications expert, journalist, Hungary
6th September
10:15-10:25

Family, Media, Communication
LIVE VIDEO
Tamás Schanda
Deputy Minister, Ministry for Innovation and Technology, Hungary
6th September
10:28-10:38

Demography as a Factor for Strengthening Competitiveness
LIVE VIDEO
Stéphane Buffetaut
Former Member of the European Parliament, Member of the European Economic and Social Committee, Board member of Thomas More Institute
6th September
10:39-10:49

Demography as a Factor for Strengthening Competitiveness
LIVE VIDEO
Toufic Baaklini
President, In Defense of Christians (IDC), United States of America
6th September
10:51-11:01

Demography as a Factor for Strengthening Competitiveness
LIVE VIDEO
Slomó Köves
Chief Rabbi of the Unified Hungarian Jewish Congregation, Hungary
6th September
11:02-11:12

Demography as a Factor for Strengthening Competitiveness
LIVE VIDEO
Prof. Dr. József Mészáros
President, Hungarian State Treasury, Hungary
6th September
11:14-11:24

Demography as a Factor for Strengthening Competitiveness
LIVE VIDEO
Dr. Marie-Theres Thiell
Chairman of the Board of Directors, Innogy Hungária Ltd.
6th September
11:25-11:35

Demography as a Factor for Strengthening Competitiveness
LIVE VIDEO
Panel discussion
6th September
11:38-12:30

Tünde Fűrész (mod.)
Tünde Bartha
Gaila Matulyte
Lea Danilson-Järg
Ivica Bošnjak
LIVE VIDEO
Emilie Kao
Director, DeVos Center for Religion and Civil Society of Heritage Foundation, United States of America
6th September
13:43-13:53

Beyond the State 1
LIVE VIDEO
Csaba Böjte
Franciscan friar, Founder of the Saint Francis Foundation of Deva
6th September
13:54-14:04

Beyond the State 1
LIVE VIDEO
Katalin Kardosné Gyurkó
President, National Association of Large Families, Hungary
6th September
14:05-14:15

Beyond the State 1
LIVE VIDEO
Leonids Mucenieks
Chairman, Union of Latvian Large Families Associations
6th September
14:17-14:27

Beyond the State 1
LIVE VIDEO
Maria Regina Maroncelli
President, European Large Families Confederation (ELFAC)
6th September
14:28-14:38

Beyond the State 1
LIVE VIDEO
Béla Kató
Bishop, Transylvanian District of the Reformed Church
6th September
14:58-15:08

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Antoine Renard
President, Federation of Catholic Family Associations in Europe
6th September
15:09-15:19

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Raul Sanchez
Secretary General, European Large Families Confederation
6th September
15:20-15:30

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Sharon Slater
President, Family Watch International, United States of America
6th September
15:32-15:42

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Dr. Shea Garrison
Vice President for International Affairs, Concerned Women for America, United States of America
6th September
15:43-15:53

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Anna Nagy
President, Single Parents Center, Hungary
6th September
15:55-16:05

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Imre Bedő
President, Men’s Club, Hungary
6th September
16:06-16:16

Beyond the State 2
LIVE VIDEO
Bence Rétvári
Deputy Minister, Parliamentary State Secretary, Ministry of Human Capacities, Hungary
6th September
16:41-17:21

Pro Familiis Award Ceremony
LIVE VIDEO
Zsolt Semjén
Deputy Prime Minister for National Policy, Church Affairs and Nationalities, Hungary
6th September
17:21-17:31

Pro Familiis Award Ceremony
LIVE VIDEO

Photos - 5th September

Photos - 6th September

Family attraction videos

History of the event

The Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities first organized the Budapest Demographic Forum in 2015, hosted by Minister of State for Family and Youth Affairs Mrs Katalin Novák. The two-day conference was held on 5-6 November, followed by a family day.

The Forum was opened by Prime Minister Viktor Orbán who emphasized that our future relies on families, and strengthening our internal resources rather than external ones is our most important task.

At the Forum, demographic and family politicy measures were presented, and it also served as a platform to exchange experience on international best practices. European politicians, stakeholders, church leaders and experts attended the conference, such as: Algimanta Pabedinskiené, Minister of Social Security and Labour of Lithuania at the time, Michael Farrugia, Minister for the Family and Social Solidarity of Malta, Pál Demény, Senior Counsellor of Population Council, Vincenzo Paglia, archbishop, President of the Pontifical Council for the Family, Mihály Csíkszentmihályi, Professor of Claremont Graduate University, Jan Fígel, Chairman of the Christian Democratic Movement at the time, former European Union Commissioner, Luca Volontè, Director General (CEO) of Novae Terrae (Italy).